Artillery Radio Procedures



_____General Fire Request Format_____

Observer
FDC
[FDC callsign], this is [Observer callsign],
[Warning Order], [mission type], over.
[FDC callsign], [message confirmation], out.
[Target Information; more information
in specific examples below]
[Target Info confirmation], out.
[Target Details], [Shell Type], over.
[Target Details Confirmation], [Shell type
Confirmation]
, out.
When the above table says “XXXXXX Confirmation” it means the person needs to confirm the data by repeating exactly what the sending callsign has said, minus the over at the end. This allows for information to be properly and correctly relayed to the artillery team.

Warning Orders are used to prepare the artillery team for what kind of fire they will need to preform. There are four kinds of warning orders ArmA2:
Fire for Effect: Represents that the target data is accurate and they are requesting a full barrage on the target. Artillery teams are to send from 4-10 shells depending on the type requested.
Adjust Fire: Represents that the FO is unable to confirm whether the target data is completely accurate. Normally artillery teams will send of two or three rounds depending on the type requested.
Suppress: Usually used on preplanned targets. Provides quick and effective fire-missions, and is normally paired up with a duration request.
Immediate Suppression/Immediate Smoke: Normally used on targets of opportunity, this warning order is used for quick engagement of the targets. Usually uses grid targeting method and ends up with least amount of shell accuracy.


Also depending on what kind of target the team is firing upon also determines how many rounds should be sent, and in some cases what kind of round should be sent.







_____Fire Request Example - Grid_____

Observer
FDC
Hailstorm, this is Dagger, Adjust Fire, grid,
over.
Hailstorm, Adjust Fire, grid, out.
Dagger, Six-digit grid, 023 158, over.
Hailstorm, Six-digit grid, 023 158, out.
Dagger, BRDM in the open, HE in effect,
over.
Hailstorm, BRDM in the open, HE in effect,
out.
Grid Missions are normally used on inaccurate target information or area targets. This is due to grid references without reference points may not be the exact area on the map you were trying to strike.

Information needed to call a grid fire mission is:
Target Grid Reference: Found via reading the Northing and Easting grid reference points.
Target Altitude: Found via reading the contours on the map around the target.







_____Fire Request Example - Polar_____

Observer
FDC
Hailstorm, this is Dagger, Fire for Effect, Polar,
over.
Hailstorm, Fire for Effect, Polar, out.
Dagger, Direction 0334, Distance 1250, Down
10
, over.
Hailstorm, Direction 0334, Distance 1250,
Down 10
, out.
Dagger, Infantry Platoon in the open,
DPCIM in effect, over.
Hailstorm, Infantry Platoon in the open,
DPCIM in effect, out.
One of the more accurate means of processing a fire mission is using the Forward Observer as a reference point. It also allows an FO to relay a target if they are not equipped with the proper equipment to detail highly accurate target grid references. Observers should be setting up a fixed Observation Point that the artillery team can record and use for Polar Missions later on. Observers will also need to relay new information if they are moving to a new position.

When an observer calls in a polar mission they will provide you with:

Range to target from Observer
____In terms of meters; stated as Range.

Bearing to target from Observer
____In terms of mils; stated as Direction.

Altitude difference of target compared to Observer
____In terms of meters; stated as Up/Down.


Once this data has be inputted into the BCS properly and processed, one should have a fire mission prepped for the target.








_____Fire Request Example - Shift_____

Observer
FDC
Hailstorm, this is Dagger, Fire for Effect, Shift A7, over.
[NOTE: When the Observer stated "Shift A7" they
mean the target data is shifted off "Known Point A7"]
Hailstorm, Fire for Effect, Shift A7, out.
Dagger, Direction 4870, Left 50, Add 10, Up 85, over.
Hailstorm, Direction 4870, Left 50, Add 10, Up 85, out.
Dagger, five BMPs in the open,, HE in effect, over.
Hailstorm, five BMPs in the open,, HE in effect, out.
Shift Fire Missions are normally called on target which are preplanned before an assault or ambush or similar. Accurate reference points are placed on the map with grid and altitude information. Fire Missions called via shift targeting method are then found on the map and the Forward Observer must find out the direction in mils from the known point the target is, as well as how far east/west the target is from the point and how far north and south the target is from the point. The FO will also need to know the altitude difference between the target and known point. Shift Missions are also very effective for correcting fire.

Information needed for Shift Fire Missions:
Up/Down - Altitude difference.
Add/Drop - If target is FURTHER/CLOSER to the KP, the FO must ADD/DROP the estimated distance before or past the KP the target is.
Left/Right - If target is LEFT/RIGHT of the KP, the FO must estimate how far left or right the target is.








_____Battle Damage Assessment_____
____When the salvo has impacted on target, it is standard to give the artillery team a Battle Damage Assessment(BDA). This gives a heads-up to the artillery team that they may need to adjust fire, repeat the mission, etc.

Terms to Know
(Target) Silenced; Target has been neutralized, is no longer a threat.
Repeat: A request from the observer stating he wants the battery to preform the same fire mission again.
Quick in effect/Fuze Quick: Shell fuzing will have the round burst/explode upon impact.
ToF: Acronym for Time of Flight, means how long until round impact/burst.