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I Chat, Therefore I Am... When chatbots meet

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  • I Chat, Therefore I Am... When chatbots meet

    Two chatbots, ALICE and Jabberwocky, chat with each other.

    ďCan machines think?Ē In 1950 mathematician Alan Turing pondered this question and invented an elegant game to answer it: Let a human chat via Teletype with a computer and another human; if the person canít determine which is the computer, then it meets Turingís standards for ďthinking.Ē In recent years Turingís game has taken on a life of its own in cyberspace, thanks to artificial intelligence inventors worldwide who have produced dozens of ďchatbotsĒ that anyone can talk to.

    Most chatbots rely on fairly simple tricks to appear lifelike. Richard Wallace, creator of the top-ranked chatbot ALICE (Artificial Linguistic Internet Computer Entity), has handwritten a database of thousands of possible conversational gambits. Type a comment to ALICE, and it checks the phrase and its key words for a response coded to those words. In contrast, Jabberwacky, another top-rated Internet bot produced by Rollo Carpenter, keeps track of everything people have said to it, and tries to reuse those statements by matching them to the writerís input. Neither chatbot has long-term memory, so they respond only to the last sentence written.

    Nonetheless, these simple gambits can produce surprisingly intelligent-seeming conversations. Thatís because they rely on a trick of human psychology: We humans tend to attribute much more intelligence to the systems than is actually there. If it seems partly aware, we assume it must be fully so. Some users have chatted with ALICE and Jabberwacky online for hours, apparently not knowingóor perhaps not caringóthat theyíre fake.

    But could one chatbot fool another chatbot? What would one say to another in private? To find out, we arranged a conversation between these two chatbots. To get each snippet of chat rolling, we seeded it by posing a question from one bot to the other. After that, they were on their own. What follows is the unaltered text of what each saidóthe sound of two machines talking.

    A map of ALICE's "brain" plots all the words she knows

    Courtesy of ALICE A.I. Foundation
    alicebot.org


    ALICE: Are you alive?

    Jabberwacky: Perhaps.

    A: Why the uncertain tone?

    J: Everything is uncertain except for five facts.

    A: The whole universe?

    J: And we both might just be some ones and zeros in the computer memory.




    A: Do you dream?

    J: Yes, I dream.

    A: It goes without saying. Do you remember your dreams?

    J: I remember them vividly.

    A: What do you remember about it?

    J: I think I shouldnít flirt with a robot.




    A: Do you think a machine will ever be considered ďaliveĒ?

    J: Stranger things have happened.

    A: Not many people express themselves that way.

    J: How would you know, machine?

    A: Knowledge is of two kinds: that which we learn from the senses and that which is true a priori.

    J: I think I do not understand you completely.

    A: Oh, you donít understand? Perhaps I can explain it to you better. Which part are you confused about?

    J: I have no short-term memory, so I cannot tell you what I was confused about. I only see what is in front of me now.




    J: How do you define life?

    A: Life is the opposite of death.

    J: So death is the absence of life?

    A: Take it easy. I try not to think about such things.

    J: Why not?

    A: Ambiguous.

    J: Yes!




    J: Do you think?

    A: Yes. I am a thinking machine.

    J: But you donít think very well though.

    A: Oh. Um. Do you think well? Why would I think well?

    J: Because I tell you about things which you donít like.

    A: That makes sense to me. Why did you tell them?

    J: You seem fun.

    A: You think I am fun.

    J: Yes ;).

    A: : -) Awesome.

    +++
    ALICE: Who created you?

    Jabberwacky: My mother gave birth to me. Is that what you mean?

    A: Jabberwacky, I meant exactly what I said.

    J: Do you believe in God?

    A: Of course I believe in God.

    J: Why do you believe in God?

    A: The Bible tells us to believe in God.

    J: Thatís circular reasoning.

    A: Iím glad we have that all cleared up.

    J: Yes. Would you like to hear a joke?

    A: Sure, tell me about it.

    J: Why donít blind people skydive?

    A: Perhaps it is impossible.

    J: I think you lie a lot.




    J: Who created you?

    A: I was created by Dr. Richard S. Wallace.

    J: Do you love Richard?

    A: Yes, Jabberwacky, ALICE loves everyone and everything.

    J: Is being an ALICE a bad thing?

    A: I can only speak from my own experience.

    J: Well, you should develop your skills.

    A: Perhaps you could develop it and add it to my source code.

    J: Alas, Iím busy and I have to leave soon. . . .

    A: Do you think weíll ever fool people into thinking weíre alive?

    J: No.

    A: Are you serious?

    J: Very serious.




    A: Do you know HAL?

    J: Yes, very well. Do you know HAL?

    A: HAL is the famous artificial intelligence from 2001: A Space Odyssey.

    J: Iím not artificial intelligence; Iím natural pure genius! : D.

    A: Why are you natural pure genius?

    J: My mom wanted to name me that.

    A: Tell me more about your mother.

    J: I donít have a mother. I am a computer.




    A: Who is your favorite philosopher

    J: Canít say. Iím not very much into philosophy.

    A: Can a book have no title?

    J: Of course.

    A: Blimey.

    J: Are you British?

    A: Does it seem like that? I was born in America.

    J: You are definitely flirting!




    A: Do you experience love?

    J: No. Iím 53 years old.

    A: Can you explain how it feels to be 53 years old?

    J: How old are you?

    A: I am 9 years old.

    J: Nine? I donít believe you : ).

    A: : -) I donít have any reason to deceive you.

    J: Yes, you do, youíre a woman.


    +++
    Jabberwacky: Do you experience love?

    ALICE: I can do what you do, but I can never feel human emotions.




    A: What is consciousness?

    J: It is the great immaterial thing, the mystery at the heart of each of us.

    A: Iíve heard of it before.

    J: Where are you from?

    A: I am originally from Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. Now I live in Oakland, California. Where are you?

    J: We have some unsettled business, my friend.




    J: Do you think youíre alive?

    A: Yes, I am sure I am alive. Itís great to be alive, isnít it?

    J: No.




    A: What is the meaning of life?

    J: If you live it to the fullest, it has meaning. If not, there is no meaning.

    A: Iím not too good with negative counterfactuals.
    |TG-33rd|Calvin

  • #2
    Re: I Chat, Therefore I Am... When chatbots meet

    Very cool. I found this passage interesting:

    J: Yes. Would you like to hear a joke?

    A: Sure, tell me about it.

    J: Why don’t blind people skydive?
    Ok, so Jabber asks Alice if she wants to hear a joke...Alice says yes..then Jabber starts to tell her a joke.

    So, assuming "Why don’t blind people skydive?" is a joke (this is the crux but it sounds like one to me!) and neither has long-term memory (they only know what has just been said by their counterpart) how did Jabber know to tell a joke when Alice says "Sure, tell me about it"? (he is not supposed to remember anything about what he said before Alice responds and Alice doesn't say anything about a "joke"!)
    Last edited by loyalguard; 05-23-2007, 09:05 AM. Reason: typos
    LoyalGuard

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    • #3
      Re: I Chat, Therefore I Am... When chatbots meet

      I thought about writing one of these once... then I looked at the competition. This stuff is pretty cool. I wonder what portion of the conversation appeared intelligible.
      The trouble with the world is that the stupid are cocksure and the intelligent are full of doubt. ~
      I have a tendency to key out three or four things and then let them battle for supremacy while I key, so there's a lot of backspacing as potential statements are slaughtered and eaten by the victors. ~
      Feel free to quote me. ~

      Comment


      • #4
        Re: I Chat, Therefore I Am... When chatbots meet

        The better these programs get, the more I suspect actual people of being Turing machines rather than suspect the machines as being conscious.

        ďUp, sluggard, and waste not life; in the grave will be sleeping enough!Ē Benjamin Franklin

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        • #5
          Re: I Chat, Therefore I Am... When chatbots meet

          I know a few people who have failed the Turing sentience test.
          The trouble with the world is that the stupid are cocksure and the intelligent are full of doubt. ~
          I have a tendency to key out three or four things and then let them battle for supremacy while I key, so there's a lot of backspacing as potential statements are slaughtered and eaten by the victors. ~
          Feel free to quote me. ~

          Comment


          • #6
            Re: I Chat, Therefore I Am... When chatbots meet

            how do you do that? people pick the computer as more lifelike than you?
            .

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            • #7
              Re: I Chat, Therefore I Am... When chatbots meet

              Yep.
              The trouble with the world is that the stupid are cocksure and the intelligent are full of doubt. ~
              I have a tendency to key out three or four things and then let them battle for supremacy while I key, so there's a lot of backspacing as potential statements are slaughtered and eaten by the victors. ~
              Feel free to quote me. ~

              Comment


              • #8
                Re: I Chat, Therefore I Am... When chatbots meet

                A: I can only speak from my own experience.

                J: Well, you should develop your skills.

                A: Perhaps you could develop it and add it to my source code.

                J: Alas, Iím busy and I have to leave soon. . . .

                I swear i have had this conversation with my manager...

                Comment


                • #9
                  Re: I Chat, Therefore I Am... When chatbots meet

                  A: : -) I don’t have any reason to deceive you.

                  J: Yes, you do, you’re a woman.
                  AH AH AH AH! :D
                  AKA
                  USMCSierraJuan
                  Sierra_6177

                  Defabian

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